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CBD and Terpenes: A Guide to CBD Products

There are a wide variety of options to choose from when it comes to CBD products. What is the difference between full spectrum CBD and broad spectrum CBD? What are terpenes, and what do they add to CBD products? What is the entourage effect, and why does it matter? In order to make the right choice when purchasing a CBD product, you should have answers to all of these questions. Here is some information to help you make an informed decision and get the right product for you.

What Are Full Spectrum and Broad Spectrum CBD?

There are a few types of products with CBD in them, and the two most common are full spectrum and broad spectrum products. Broad spectrum CBD products are processed, removing trace amounts of THC, essentially isolating compounds such as CBD. On the other hand, full spectrum CBD products contain more compounds, using more of the plant. This leaves an oil containing more cannabinoids the Cannabis sativa L. plant offers while preserving occurring cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and other compounds. This full spectrum oil can then be used to create other products, such as CBD pills. Broad spectrum products contain less than 0.3% of THC. Both broad spectrum and full spectrum CBD can have the entourage effect, while a CBD isolate, which typically only has CBD, will not.

What Does the Entourage Effect Do?

When CBD is paired with other cannabinoids and terpenes, the entourage effect can occur. This multiplies the benefits of hemp-derived CBD, allowing you to enhance relaxation, soothe tired muscles, foster a better environment for sleep, and get in the right mindset for the day. Essentially, the entourage effect maximises the potential of the cannabinoids, creating better benefits from individual cannabinoids by having them work together in a product.

What Are Terpenes?

Terpenes can be found in many plants. They are aromatic oils that give plants and flowers their scent and are highly concentrated in the hemp plant. Terpenes are what give a characteristic aroma to many plants, such as pine and lavender. Depending on the type of CBD product, they may or may not be present. In products that do contain terpenes, there is usually an entourage effect with CBD and other cannabinoids.

Are There Other Cannabinoids? 

While CBD and THC are the most famous cannabinoids derived from the Cannabis sativa L. plant, there are other cannabinoids. Cannabigerol or CBG has been called the “stem cell” of the hemp plant, and it creates all other cannabinoids, including CBD. However, it is much rarer than CBD. It can help produce the entourage effect. Another minor cannabinoid is cannabinol or CBN, which can help enhance the effects of CBD that help you naturally fall asleep thanks to how CBD activates receptors in the endocannabinoid system.

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